Commander David Bowman (Keir Dullea) in Stanley Kubrick’s “2001: A Space Odyssey.”

Commander David Bowman (Keir Dullea) in Stanley Kubrick’s “2001: A Space Odyssey.”

Credit:

Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy Stock Photo

In a special two-part edition of our American Icons series, we turn to a film that, a half-century later, is still shaping our future: Stanley Kubrick's "2001: A Space Odyssey."

Dr. Francis Poole and Commander David Bowman watch a news segment about their mission on iPad-like screens in Stanley Kubrick’s “2001: A Space Odyssey.”

Dr. Francis Poole and Commander David Bowman watch a news segment about their mission on iPad-like screens in Stanley Kubrick’s “2001: A Space Odyssey.”

Credit:

Screenshot, “2001: A Space Odyssey.”

In Part Two, we visit the same research lab that helped inspire the HAL 9000 and talk to Dario Gil, IBM’s global director of AI research about the latest developments in artificial intelligence. We meet CIMON, a real-life AI robot on the International Space Station and Garrett Reisman, a former NASA astronaut who blasted the “Blue Danube” in the space shuttle.

NASA astronaut Garrett Reisman on the middeck of the space shuttle Atlantis in 2010.

NASA astronaut Garrett Reisman on the middeck of the space shuttle Atlantis in 2010.

Credit:

NASA

Christopher Nolan (“Interstellar”) talks about the challenge of directing an ambitious space movie after “2001,” while Tom Hanks says it’s all he thought about during the making of “Apollo 13.” We reveal artist James Turrell’s lesser known connection to the film and learn how the experience inspired his famous skyspaces and epic Roden Crater observatory in Arizona.

Views of the Alpha (East) Tunnel inside James Turrell’s Roden Crater.

Views of the Alpha (East) Tunnel inside James Turrell’s Roden Crater.

Credit:

Florian Holzherr

New York Times critic Wesley Morris says “2001” is a cautionary tale about humans relying too much on “smart” machines. Professor Barry Vacker ("Specter of the Monolith") compares "2001" to "Planet of the Apes" which came out one week earlier and offered a very different vision of humanity's future. And U.S. poet laureate Tracy K. Smith, whose father worked on the Hubble Telescope, drew heavily from the film for her Pulitzer Prize-winning book of poetry “Life on Mars.”

American Icons is made possible by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

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