In Jerusalem, the restaurants are half empty because of recent violence between Arabs and Jews. But inside those restaurants, Israelis and Palestinians work side-by-side and lead deeply intertwined lives. Some even call each other "brother."
Dozens of Palestinians with US passports or legal residency in the US have managed to get out of the Gaza Strip since the most recent violence began, but there are dozens more still there. And it's not clear if or when they will be able to leave.
Those born in the 1980s and 1990s helped lead the Arab Spring movements, pressing for more open and democratic societies. Author Juan Cole says they are just beginning to reshape the Middle East, with a mindset that is more liberal, less religious and unencumbered by the past.
The battle for Iraq, between Sunni militant groups and Shiite-dominated government forces, is not just about Iraq. Journalist Dexter Filkins says its could engulf much of the Middle East and create another terrorism sanctuary, similar to Afghanistan before 9/11.