Yesterday, a gunman began shooting during Sunday service at a Sikh temple in Oak Creek, Wisconsin. Police haven't yet determined a motive, however, according to CBS News, they are investigating whether the incident was a possible hate crime against Sikhs.
Here are some facts about Sikhs and Sikhism, the religion that they practice.
- Sikhism was founded in the 16th century in the Punjab area of both Pakistan and India by Guru Nanak.
-There are approximately 20 million Sikhs worldwide, most of whom live in India's Punjab province.
-Sikhs believe in one god, and that everything is equal before God.
-The Sikh scripture is a book called the Guru Granth Sahib. Any building that holds the Guru Granth Sahib is a Sikh place of worship, also called Gurdwara (Gateway to the Guru).
-Most male Sikhs have Singh (lion) as their last name. Women have Kaur (princess) as their last name.
-Sikhs have been targets of hate crimes in the US since September 11, when they were often mistaken for Muslims for their beards and turbans. The Sikh Coalition, a New York Based advocacy group reported more than 700 attacks against Sikhs since 2001, CNN reported.
-New York Rep. Joe Crowley sent a letter to the Justice Department to begin tracking crimes against Sikhs. He asked that the FBI update its Hate Crime Incident Report Form (1-699), which does not have a designation for crimes against Sikhs as it does for some other groups.