The fashion industry breaks child labor and sexual harassment laws, says the leader of a modeling group pushing for more rights.
Model Sara Ziff launched her nonprofit group Model Alliance on Monday, three days before New York Fashion Week begins, because she said models have few protections in the workplace.
"I saw first hand how the industry sometimes disregards child labor law, lacks financial transparency, encourages eating disorders and even tolerates sexual abuse in the workplace," Ziff told BBC News.
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The BBC noted that models are independent contractors and therefore unable to form a trade union under United States law. Fashion designers, on the other hand, are represented by trade group the Council of Fashion Designers of America, whose president is designer Diane von Furstenberg. The Council praised the Model Alliance in a statement to Reuters.
According to the New York Times, the Bureau of Labor Statistics says that the average model in the US earned about $13 an hour in 2008.
In December, clothing company H&M came under fire for superimposing real models' heads on digitally-created bodies in ads. The Times noted that use of "virtual models" means that companies can get away with paying real models even less money.
"There's nothing funny about a work force that is overwhelmingly young, female and impoverished, working for some of fashion's wealthiest, most powerful brands," Model Alliance board of director Jenna Sauers told Reuters.