On this day in ...
... 1933, President Paul von Hindenburg (left) appointed Adolf Hitler the chancellor of Germany. Within months Hitler had suspended the constitution, quashed his opponents and begun the Nazi dictatorship that would lead to World War II.
... 1951, negotiations to end the Korean War had stalled and refugees were fleeing by the truckload.
... 1965, the great and the good were gathered at St. Paul's Cathedral in London for the state funeral of Winston Churchill. (See if you can spot a young Prince Charles.)
... 1970, Pierre Cardin's 'Earth-Moon' designs were the hottest thing at Paris Fashion Week.
... 1972, British paratroopers opened fire on civil rights protesters in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, killing 14 civilians. The day, one of the blackest in all the Irish Troubles, would be known as 'Bloody Sunday.'
... 1979, Saddam Hussein — then vice president of Iraq — was visiting Havana, Cuba, where he was welcomed by President Fidel Castro and his brother Raul, the defense minister at the time.
... 1982, Hosni Mubarak, three months into what would be his 30-year rule of Egypt, met Pope John Paul II at the Vatican.
(VATICAN POOL/AFP/Getty Images)
... 1983, the Washington Redskins were playing the Miami Dolphins in the Super Bowl XVII in Pasadena, California. The Redskins would win it 27-17.
... 1988, engineers at Sangatte were preparing to start work on the Channel Tunnel between England and France.
(JEAN MEUNIER/AFP/Getty Images)
... 1989, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni was addressing the annual convention of the National Religious Broadcasters in Washington DC. Twenty-four years later, Museveni is still in power.
(RENATO ROTOLO/AFP/Getty Images)
... 1993, Belgian expats were fleeing amid a mutiny by the armed forces in Kinshasa, capital of what was then Zaire, now the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
(FRANCOIS ROJON/AFP/Getty Images)
... 1994, Nelson Mandela was hitting the campagin trail in South Africa's first-ever democratic election. Three months later, his ANC party would win by a landslide.
(WALTER DHLADHLA/AFP/Getty Images)
... 1995, Muslims were praying at the Jama Masjid mosque in New Delhi, India, to celebrate the festival of Eid.
(JOHN MACDOUGALL/AFP/Getty Images)
... 1998, North Korean children were skating on Pyongyang's outdoor ice rink during their winter vacation.
(YOSHIKAZU TSUNO/AFP/Getty Images)
... 2002, this was the cutting edge in mobile wireless technology. The Sierra Wireless AirCard 555 enabled users to access the internet at high speed from a portable device.
(Don MacKinnon/Getty Images)
... 2005, Iraqis were lining up to vote in the first free elections in their country's history.
(Wathiq Khuzaie/Getty Images)
... 2013, the Zaatari camp in Jordan was struggling to shelter record numbers of refugees fleeing Syria's civil war. One year on, those numbers are even higher.
(Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)