Carlos Duarte with "Mi Familia Vota" spent last year trying to get Latino immigrants engaged in the political process through voting. Now, he and other organizers are concentrating their focus on passing immigration reform.
Immigrant rights advocates want their issue addressed soon — establishing a path to citizenship for the estimated 11 million undocumented immigrants currently living and working in the United States. But standing in their way are many conservative lawmakers who regard this as a free pass, or amnesty, for rule breakers.
Down in Texas, I got to sit in on a meeting of grassroots immigrant rights activists in Houston. The meeting was led by Carlos Duarte with the group Mi Familia Vota, or My Family Votes. Duarte said they need to target four Republican Congressmen in Houston and two Republican US senators from Texas.
"Unless they understand that they will be without a job in the next election, unless they understand that, they are not going to sign an immigration reform that is really useful for the community as a whole," said Duarte.
The people in the room nodded their heads. They see their time as now.
"The Latino voice has come out, we've made an impact, and people have to respond, right?" said Paloma Martinez with the Service Employees International Union. "And I think people will get fired up if we make that really clear, that it's possible, it's within reach. We have a vision and we can do it."
Latinos flexed their muscle last November. Some 12 million voted, and they voted overwhelmingly, upwards of 75 percent, for President Obama. Immigration reform was a top issue for many of those Latino voters, and they rejected Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney's focus on border enforcement and "so called" self-deportation.
Carlos Duarte said that Latinos must make politicians who sided with Romney know that they'll lose their elections too if their position on immigration doesn't change.
"We need to call members of Congress, we need to participate in rallies, we need to register to vote, and we need to vote. Because unless they understand that we are going to make them accountable through the vote, they are not going to be passing immigration reform."
But that's a strategy that's been used for years now, with little to show in terms of significant progress on immigration reform. This time though, with the Latino vote proving strong, activists hope there'll be a payoff.
After the meeting, I spoke with César Espinosa, who moved to Texas from Mexico City when he was 4. He's been living in the US undocumented for the past 23 years and runs an organization called Immigrant Families and Students In The Struggle. Like many immigrant rights organizers, Espinosa himself can't vote. But he can rally others to vote for his interests.
"We have people power. We can move thousands and thousands of people to rallies to marches and things like that. When you can't vote, you vote with your feet, you march," said Espinosa.
Immigrant rights advocates are planning to make their presence felt in Washington in the coming months. Espinosa said they also want politicians to feel their presence in the pocketbook.
"Obviously they have people that donate to them. And we just target everybody, we cast a wide open net," said Espinosa. "We approach them, and we tell them this is what immigration reform is, this is who we are, we share our stories with them so that they know that we're not ghosts, that we are actual people who are contributing, who have roots here, who have business interests here."
But will all this, and the recent momentum, be enough to get immigration reform done? It depends on your timeline, said political scientist Mark Jones at Rice University in Houston.
"In the short-term, there is no real consequence for alienating Hispanics, at least outside of a few marginal swing districts. In the long-term though, the Republican Party's failure to retain and win a large share of the Hispanic vote will spell doom for the party as a viable national force."
That could be about 8 to 10 years from now, by Jones' estimate. But are Republican party leaders willing to think that far ahead? Jones said it's hard to make the case that the Party is in crisis mode, especially in red-state Texas.
"Because they look to see that they're winning statewide elections by more than 10 points. They have close to two-thirds of the seats in the (Texas) Senate and State House. They really aren't worried about the short-term."
And on the national level, Jones said, "You'd be hard pressed to find more than a half-dozen Republican members of the US House who could possibly lose their seat due to Hispanics voting against them."
On the flip side, consider the Republican politician who aligns with Democrats on immigration reform. They risk being challenged by a more conservative primary opponent come the mid-term elections.
But some Republicans are taking that risk. For instance, Senator Marco Rubio from Florida recently came forward with proposals that aren't all that different from President Obama's plans. Perhaps Rubio is thinking long-term because he has national aspirations. By many accounts, Rubio is interested in a run at the White House.
But immigrant activists I met, like Esther Reyes, executive director of the Austin Immigrant Rights Coalition, said they're not focused on party lines.
"Our faith is not in any political party. Absolutely we can be used as pawns. Any community can be used as a pawn as far as politically, and for that reason, our strength is not in in a political party's promises. Our strength is in our community."
She said look at major social movement in history: No lawmaker just wakes up one day and says something like, you know what, today I'm going to give women the right to vote. Change will be through the groundswell, through constant pressure. The question is: Will immigrant rights activists be able to create enough of it?