Conflict & Justice

How The DREAM Act May Impact November's Elections

This story is a part of

Global Nation

This story is a part of

Global Nation

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23-year-old Astrid Silva was brought to Nevada illegally at age 4 by her parents. The DREAM Act would provide her a path to US citizenship. (Photo: Jason Margolis)

More than 90 percent of Latinos support the so-called DREAM Act — a bill languishing in Congress that would provide a path to citizenship for young people who were brought to the US illegally as children by their parents.

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Generally, Democrats favor the bill and Republicans oppose it.

Democrats want to make sure that Latino voters know this.

The passage of the DREAM Act would impact young people like Astrid Silva, a so-called "DREAMer." Silva moved from Mexico to Nevada when she was 4. She's now 23. She and her parents came here as undocumented immigrants. She was an honor roll student in high school. It wasn't until she was applying to college, that her parents told her about her immigration status.

"You know trying to do SAT's, they asked for a social (social security number), and I asked my parents. And they said, 'Well this is the deal, you don't have a status here in the United States,'" said Silva.

"It was definitely a very big punch in the stomach, just that wind taken out of you. My whole life I had been raised here, I feel more American than anything else. And, just all in one second, it was taken away because of that inability to pursue my dreams."

The DREAM Act — an acronym for Development, Relief, Education for Alien Minors — would allow those who came to the US as minors a chance to become citizens, but they would have to demonstrate "good moral character." They'd also need to serve in the military or attend college.

Many Republicans in Congress, as well as all the Republican presidential candidates, oppose it, arguing that people who entered the US illegally shouldn't be rewarded.

Silva says it's time for people like her to come out of the shadows and be heard.

"You can only expect voters to go so far without putting a face on this. You know, it's just another issue to everybody else. Even though to me it's my life, to somebody else it's just the DREAM Act. They don't know what it is."

Most Latinos do know what it is though.

"It is very important, and it's on the lips of every Latino that I know," said says Fernando Romero, president of the Nevada group Hispanics in Politics. "And sometimes as little as we may know about politics in general, we know what the DREAM Act is."

Romero stresses that the DREAM Act is not a general amnesty. The bill has strict parameters and would benefit an estimated 800,000 young people.

"And when so few people who would be the crème de la crème, children who every one of us as parents would want to have, and yet it still being fought against by the Republican Party. That is really drawing a lot of ire, it's really causing many Latinos, and immigrants in general to be against the Republican Party," said Romero.
Playing Politics?

Republican political strategist Dan Burdish in Las Vegas says it's more complicated than that. He says Republican candidates don't have a blanket opposition to the DREAM Act. But he says the legislation, as it's currently written, is flawed.

"IE: You can't come in this country when you're 14 or 15-years-old, stay 15 years, and then become a citizen, there's something basically wrong with that."

Burdish ran the Newt Gingrich campaign in Nevada. Gingrich has said he'd support a DREAM Act, but only for young immigrants who join the military.

The issue isn't limited to presidential politics. Nevada Republican Senator Dean Heller is in a tight re-election race here and has taken a lot of heat for opposing the DREAM Act. Heller's office did not return repeated interview requests for this story.

But Burdish says Democrats are taking this issue and running with it.

"And it's very easy for them to say Dean Heller opposes the DREAM Act, because most Hispanics are going to know what the DREAM Act is. So if they know what the DREAM Act is and they're for it, then it's going to be a wedge issue. And I don't blame them. If I had a wedge issue, I'd be using it against them too."

Political scientist David Damore at UNLV also thinks the Democrats are playing politics here, but the strategy could work. He says Republican opposition to the DREAM Act may play well to the party base, but is politically short-sighted.

"You know in a Republican primary that may help you out, but if you do get through that Republican primary, you have to compete in the general election. And that's one of the reasons this time around the Democrats think they have a real good shot at Arizona."

That's up for debate. Arizona has voted for the Republican candidate in nine of the last 10 presidential elections. (Clinton vs. Dole in 1996 was the exception.) But, the state is now 30 percent Hispanic. And if Democrats can muster enough anger around Republican opposition to immigration reform, maybe Arizona can become a swing state.
How All This Translates Come November

The question is though: Will Latinos in states like Arizona and Nevada show up en masse at the polls?

Fernando Romero isn't so sure. He says Hispanics may be disgusted with Republican rhetoric, but they're disappointed in President Obama.

"A person that they gave all their support to promised to do it for them, and didn't do it, at a moment the community feels that he could've."

Latinos also overwhelmingly disapprove of the record number of deportations under the Obama Administration.

Astrid Silva, the 23-year-old undocumented immigrant, doesn't blame President Obama for not passing immigration reform. She says he's facing a lot of opposition in Congress, and she hopes her fellow Latinos come out to re-elect the president.

"I do think that he's our only hope. Because I don't see any of the Republican candidates have any sort of path at all."

That's a point the President echoed at a press conference last week. When asked about stalled immigration reform, Obama shifted the blame to Republicans in Congress. And he said he hopes tackle the issue during his second term.