North and South Korea to hold historic first summit in decade

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Students hold posters with pictures of South Korea's President Moon Jae-in and North Korea's leader Kim Jong Un

Students hold posters with pictures of South Korea's President Moon Jae-in and North Korea's leader Kim Jong-un during a pro-unification rally ahead of the upcoming summit between North and South Korea in Seoul, South Korea April 26, 2018. 

Credit:

Jorge Silva/Reuters

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un is set to cross his country's heavily militarized border with South Korea on Friday for the first intra-Korea summit in more than a decade, as the old foes seek to end their decades-long conflict and ease tensions over the North's nuclear weapons program. 

The summit with South Korean President Moon Jae-in will set the stage for Kim to meet with US President Donald Trump in late May or early June, in what will be an unprecedented first encounter between sitting leaders of the two countries.

Just months ago, Trump and Kim were trading threats and insults as North Korea's rapid advances in pursuit of nuclear-armed missiles capable of hitting the United States raised fears of a fresh conflict on the Korean peninsula.

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a pro-unification rally ahead of the upcoming summit between North and South Korea

South Korean calligraphist Kang Byung In writes a goodwill message during a pro-unification rally ahead of the upcoming summit between North and South Korea in Seoul, South Korea April 26, 2018.

Credit:

Jorge Silva/Reuters

South Korea's Moon will personally greet Kim at the military demarcation line at 9:30 a.m., making Kim the first North Korean leader to set foot in the South since the 1950-53 Korean War.

The two will be escorted by South Korean honor guards to an official welcoming ceremony before beginning official dialogue at 10:30 a.m. at Peace House, a South Korean building inside the border truce village of Panmunjom.

In a dramatic gesture just days before the summit, Kim announced North Korea would suspend nuclear and long-range missile tests and dismantle its only known nuclear test site.

But skepticism is rampant about whether Kim is ready to abandon the hard-earned nuclear arsenal his country has defended and developed for decades as what it says is a necessary deterrent against US invasion.

South Korea hopes North Korea's leader on Friday will directly confirm his will for "complete" denuclearization of the peninsula.

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People hold Korean Unification Flags

People hold Korean Unification Flags during a pro-unification rally ahead of the upcoming summit between North and South Korea in Seoul, South Korea April 26, 2018. The signs read, "Welcome inter-Korean summit" (L) and "Peaceful spring for our people" (R). 

Credit:

Jorge Silva/Reuters

The two neighbors expect to release a joint statement late on Friday — possibly called the Panmunjom Declaration — that could address denuclearization and peace, and an improvement in relations, South Korean officials said.

Unending hostilities 

Impoverished North Korea and the rich, democratic South are technically still at war because the Korean War ended in a truce, not a peace treaty. 

The United States stations 28,500 troops in South Korea as a legacy of the Cold War conflict, which pitted the South, the United States and United Nations forces against the communist North, backed by China and Russia.

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South Korean soldiers stand guard at a checkpoint

South Korean soldiers stand guard at a checkpoint on the Grand Unification Bridge that leads to the Peace House, the venue for the Inter-Korean summit, near the demilitarized zone separating the two Koreas, in Paju, South Korea, April 26, 2018.

Credit:

Kim Hong-Ji/Reuters

On Thursday, Trump said he was considering three or four dates as well as five locations for his meeting with Kim Jong Un, although once again he added that it remained unclear whether the meeting will occur.

Trump has said he expects to meet with Kim in May or June, but he has warned several times that the meeting could be called off if he did not think it could deliver the desired results.

"It could be that I walk out quickly — with respect — but ... it could be that maybe the meeting doesn't even take place," he told Fox News by telephone. "Who knows. But I can tell you right now they want to meet."

Friday's inter-Korean summit will be the third ever after two former South Korean leaders, Kim Dae-jung in 2000 and Roh Moo-hyun in 2007, met with Kim Jong Un’s late father and predecessor, Kim Jong Il, in Pyongyang.

The latest summit has particular significance not least because of its venue: the Demilitarized Zone, a 160-mile long, 2.5-mile wide strip of land created in the 1953 armistice to serve as a buffer between the South and North.

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South Korean soldiers and security personnel stand guard at a checkpoint

South Korean soldiers and security personnel stand guard at a checkpoint on the Grand Unification Bridge that leads to the Peace House, the venue for the Inter-Korean summit, near the demilitarized zone separating the two Koreas, in Paju, South Korea, April 26, 2018. 

Credit:

Kim Hong-Ji/Reuters

With heavily armed soldiers and propaganda broadcasts blasted over loudspeakers from both sides, the DMZ has long been a symbol of hostilities on the divided peninsula. 

South Korea switched off its propaganda broadcasts on Monday to set a positive tone ahead of the summit, and South Korean residents living near the border said the North Korean broadcasts had also appeared to stop on Tuesday. 

South and North Korea are in discussions about a peace agreement that could officially end the state of war, an effort Trump said has his "blessing" if Pyongyang agreed to give up its nuclear arsenal.

For the first time, key moments such as Kim crossing the border into the South, the two leaders shaking hands and walking to the Peace House for their summit talks, will be broadcast live.

The summit includes a dinner where Swiss fried potato rosti, as well as chocolates, macarons and gruyere cheese cakes will be served as a homage to Kim's childhood spent in Switzerland.

Prelude to Trump summit 

Moon, who took office in May pledging to restore ties with the North and who has tirelessly called for dialogue, helped steer Kim and Trump toward meeting, a major coup for the liberal president.

After dozens of missile launches last year, Kim embarked on a diplomatic offensive at the beginning of the year. Kim sent a delegation to the Winter Olympics in South Korea in February before Trump stunned the world by agreeing to meet Kim to discuss "denuclearization" of the Korean peninsula.

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People write goodwill messages during a pro-unification rally

People write goodwill messages during a pro-unification rally ahead of the upcoming summit between North and South Korea in Seoul, South Korea April 26, 2018. 

Credit:

Jorge Silva/Reuters

Now comes the hard part.

The history of failed nuclear negotiations with Pyongyang has made many US officials skeptical of Kim's true intentions and suspicious of his recent overtures as more of a bid to win relief from wide-ranging UN sanctions and to divide Washington and its allies.

There is also concern that North Korea could insist on taking incremental steps in return for simultaneous incentives from Washington, the kind of a phased approach that US officials have rejected.

Unlike two previous inter-Korean summits, joint economic projects are not expected to be discussed, South Korean officials said. UN sanctions imposed since North Korea's first nuclear test in 2006 and expanded over the past decade deny North Korea a considerable amount of international trade.

(Reporting by Soyoung Kim in SEOUL; Additional reporting by David Brunnstrom and Susan Heavey in WASHINGTON; Editing by Lincoln Feast and James Dalgleish)

In Conflict & JusticeConflictPoliticsGlobal Politics.

Tagged: PyongyangUnited StatesNorth KoreaSouth KoreaNorth KoreaSouth KoreaMoon JaeKim Jong IlKim Jong UnDonald Trump.