ISIS has suffered losses in recent months as large swathes of their territory in Iraq and Syria have been retaken.
And it’s not just on the ground — ISIS’s once robust online presence and propaganda efforts have also slowed dramatically.
That may be due a growing number of cyberattacks on its “virtual caliphate.”
On Friday, just hours after ISIS announced new security measures it said were "unhackable," the Muslim hacking collective Di5s3nSi0N published almost 2,000 email addresses of people subscribed to the ISIS propaganda network Amaq.
“It’s as if someone has pressed pause on the Islamic State,” says Charlie Winter, a senior research fellow at the International Center for the Study of Radicalization.
He says that during a 30-day period in the summer of 2015, ISIS produced over 1,000 pieces of propaganda, including photos, videos and written reports. Now, that production has slowed to about 200 pieces of propaganda.
That doesn’t necessarily mean that ISIS won't adapt to its new circumstances, however. “As the Islamic State loses more territory, it needs some way to legitimize itself,” says Winter.
“I think it's most desperate to incite and perpetrate acts of terrorism abroad. So it could even be more threatening now than it ever has been.”