Politics

Clinton's complicated history in Haiti has some voters saying, why vote at all?

This story is a part of

Global Nation

This story is a part of

Global Nation

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Here's a view of Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton's campaign office on Wednesday night, in Miami's Little Haiti neighborhood, during the presidential debate.  

Credit:

Nadege Green

Along busy Northeast Second Avenue, in Miami’s Little Haiti neighborhood, sits the Caribbean Marketplace, a bright yellow structure modeled after Haiti’s famous Iron Market.

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Usually, the cultural hub is home to Haitian art exhibits or music-filled nights of konpa and rara.

But recently, the complex has been abuzz with political activity. Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump (and protesters) made an appearance in September, while a Hillary Clinton campaign office opened a few doors down earlier this summer.

Trump referenced his trip to Little Haiti, Wednesday night, during the presidential debate.

"I was in Little Haiti the other day in Florida. And I want to tell you, they hate the Clintons because what's happened in Haiti with the Clinton Foundation is a disgrace. And you know it, and they know it, and everybody knows it," he said.

Clinton countered his remarks by enumerating the Clinton Foundation's accomplishments through the years: "Bill and have I been involved in trying to help Haiti for many years. The Clinton Foundation raised $30 million to help Haiti after the catastrophic earthquake and all of the terrible problems the people there had. We've done things to help small businesses, agriculture, and so much else. And we're going to keep working to help Haiti because it's an important part of the American experience."

PRI and a few other media outlets have made contributions to the Clinton Foundation.

The discussion seemed to underscore the point that “The Haitian vote matters in Florida,” said Francesca Menes, a local activist who is working on statewide black immigrant voter outreach. “This is a swing state. Every single vote will matter.”

In south Florida, the Haitian community, which largely sways Democratic, is a solid voting bloc. But this presidential election is exposing deep fault lines for the Democratic Party.

Clinton’s complicated history in Haiti and a feeling — expressed in other communities as well — that Democrats take black votes for granted, is causing some to question if they'll vote at all.

Lutze Segu, 35, was born in the US to parents to immigrated from Haiti. This is the first time she's considering sitting out an election.

"As a black woman, as a black queer woman, obviously Donald Trump does not speak to me in any way shape or form," she said. And when it comes to Clinton, Segu added, "She's not for me either."

Segu views her right to vote as a social contract with this country, one she hasn't broken since she registered to vote at 18. Right now, though, she's undecided.

"My parents came here on a raft — on something that I don't think can be considered a boat — for me to have a better life," said Segu. "To sit out an election is a big deal for me."

For her, Clinton's policies do not go far enough when it comes to addressing the issue of mass incarceration, which disproportionately affects communities of color. Segu is also critical of the Clinton Foundation's role in Haiti after the 2010 earthquake's massive devastation.

The Clintons have a long and complicated political and humanitarian history in Haiti. Most recently, the Clinton Foundation played a key role in Haiti's recovery efforts after the earthquake.

Leslie Voltaire, a former Haitian government official who worked closely with the foundation in Haiti, said Hillary Clinton and the Clinton Foundation have some successes they can point to in the country. But it is the missteps and perceived failures that people will cling to. A wide-ranging plan to reinvigorate Haiti's economy by creating jobs was not as successful as initially envisioned, and, in the process, Haitian contractors were skipped over for American and other foreign firms.

Voltaire said members of the Haitian diaspora from Miami to New York have all said the same thing to him: “Hillary Clinton should not take their vote for granted.”

Rachelle Salnave, a 40-year-old Miami filmmaker, said she isn't casting a vote for Trump, but Clinton isn't her choice either.

“This is like a political chess move,” said Salnave. “So if I go ahead and many of the Haitians here say, ‘We’re definitely not voting for Trump,’ so our only answer is Clinton — does she have accountability? Because she knows we’ll vote for her.”

Salnave points to Hurricane Matthew which ravaged Haiti, leaving over 100,000 homeless and hundreds dead, as another reason she's finding it hard to consider Clinton.

"No mention of Haiti and the hurricane," said Salnave. "She doesn't care."

On Tuesday, Clinton was campaigning in Miami with Al Gore. Before the rally at Miami-Dade College, in a radio interview with Bishop Victor Curry, Clinton offered her prayers to those affected by Hurricane Matthew including the Haitian people.

Salnave was a Bernie Sanders supporter. She's mulling over voting for a third-party candidate.

Her father Edouard Salnave, 76, is a fiery Donald Trump supporter.

“I think he will be good for America,” said Edouard Salnave of Trump. “He gives so many people jobs.”

Edouard Salnave said the economy is the primary reason he’s voting for Trump, but when pressed further, his vote is as much a vote against Clinton because of her track record in Haiti.

He blames the then-Secretary of State Clinton for paving the way for Haitian singer Michel Martelly to become president of Haiti, a move he said was detrimental to the country and its democracy.

“What Mrs. Clinton did in Haiti is disgusting,” he said.

The former Democrat of 50 years officially switched his party affiliation to Republican earlier this year.

Trump sought to capitalize on Haitian Americans' frustrations during his September visit to Little Haiti. While reading from prepared statements, he referenced the Haiti earthquake.

“Clinton was responsible for doing things a lot of the Haitian people are not happy with,” Trump said. “Taxpayer dollars intended for Haiti and the earthquake victims went to a lot of the Clinton cronies.”

Sara Bernard, who attended Trump's gathering, got a shout-out from the candidate when he told her he liked her pink "Women for Trump" shirt.

"I think he'll bring a lot of jobs, he'll keep the country safe," said Bernard. "If the US is secure and people have jobs, that's good for Haiti too," she said, referring to more than $1 billion in remittances Haitian Americans send to Haiti.

Trump’s visit to Little Haiti was short, and he said very little about how his policies would directly impact or benefit the Haitian American community.

But Guerson Loressaint, a West Palm Beach resident and registered Democrat, said he was impressed that Trump showed up.

“The Clintons have been running the country for so long, and they have not done anything for the Haitian community, and I think it’s time to give the baton to Mr. Trump,” he said.

Just steps away from where Trump held his meet-and-greet with Haitian Americans is a Hillary Clinton campaign office. The space is partially wallpapered with personal notes in English, French and Creole, from voters who stop by and write with markers why they’re “with her.”

"As an immigrant, as a black American and also as a woman there are some critical issues at play in this election,” said Dotie Joseph, a Clinton surrogate who was born in Haiti.

Joseph said the campaign is working on a grassroots effort to connect with Haitian-American communities across Florida and to make the case for Clinton as president.

The campaign released an ad in Creole that is airing on Haitian radio programs. During the ad, a narrator says that Clinton understands the challenges of the Haitian-American community, and she will “provide quality, affordable health care and offer every child a world-class education.”

Clinton’s campaign is also relying on Haitian-American celebrities to push their message. Actress Garcelle Beauvais made stops in West Palm Beach to stump for Clinton. Pras Michel, a founding member of the Fugees rap group, visited Little Haiti and other Haitian enclaves encouraging people to register to vote.

“You have some people who are motivated and excited, and you have some people who are not too motivated,” said Michel.

When Barack Obama was running for office, jubilant songs written about the first black president in Creole and French flooded Haitian radio.

There are no songs for Clinton.

Joseph said she is wary that about those who might sit out this election all together because they’re just not excited about either candidate. She’s warning them not do that.

“If you don’t vote that’s your business, but the consequence is you’re going to be responsible for that. It’s not just your actions, but also your inaction,” she said.

Jacques Despinosse, a former North Miami council member said, for him, Clinton is the obvious choice.

“I’m not going to sell out,” he said. “After all that man [Trump] said about immigrants, my people, I can’t vote for him.”

Menes, who is working on black immigrant outreach across Florida, said there are a lot of hurt feelings when it comes to Clinton and Haiti, and she has to acknowledge those feelings when trying to convince Haitian-American voters to vote for her.

“When you don't acknowledge what people are feeling and the frustrations that they're feeling, it's hard to even get towards the why you actually need to vote,” said Menes.

She said it’s not an easy sell, but she tries to talk about specific policies like immigration.

Patrick Muhammed, another Haitian-American voter, said his mind is made up.

He said choosing between Trump and Clinton is like being asked, "If you want to stick a fork in the top electric socket or the bottom — either way you're going to get shocked," he said.

When people ask him, "Are you going to vote?" His response is "Hell no."