Arts, Culture & Media

How one photographer captures changing immigrant families

This story is a part of

Global Nation

This story is a part of

Global Nation

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A video still image from photographer Annu Palakunnathu Matthew's latest project "Majority Minority," documenting changing US demographics.

Credit:

Courtesy of Annu Palakunnathu Matthews/SepiaEYE

Twenty students sharing two rolls of film — for a whole semester.

That's what Annu Palakunnathu Matthew remembers about her first photography course when she was a university student in in Madras, India — now called Chennai. 

Despite the limits, she was immediately intrigued by the craft. “I was interested in the fact that photography is created from reality and what we communicate through it," she says. "People think it’s the truth, but it can be manipulated in terms of what it communicates.”

In the US, Matthew continued studying photography and earned a master’s degree in photography at the University of Delaware. She also realized the complex cultural realities of American society. 

“When I say I’m Indian, I often get mistaken for a Native American," she says. "And all of this confusion happens because Columbus was looking for India and found North America instead.”

Initially, Matthew “found this funny, but then I realized that I didn’t have much knowledge of the Native Americans.”

After reading more  and seeing how certain terms — Native American, American Indian and Indian — reflect identity and race in the US, she created a photo series called “An Indian from India.”

The diptychs show self-portraits of Matthew alongside archival images of Native Americans to “question some of the stereotyping that happens to people outside of the majority.” Several are displayed at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History in Washington, DC.

Her other work includes “Open Wound,” which uses photo animations “like a time machine” to show how the partition between India and Pakistan in 1947 affected families.

Matthew’s current project, called "Majority Minority," looks at America's fast-changing demographics. She’s photographed immigrant families across several generations and been struck by how the “grandchildren are completely Americanized."

She also noticed that the immigrant women she photographed "realized a sense of self and that they should be treated equally and accepting that certain things that come from their culture are not things that they would accept in their lives now.”

So far, she’s documented about 20 families and welcomes others to get involved in the project

Here's a selection of her work, with observations from Matthew:

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    Referring to her process, Matthew says, “I had a list of the ideas that I wanted to convey, and then I went through a lot of books. Then, I contacted the Library of Congress, and the Denver Public Library, and the University of Pennsylvania’s Museum of Archeology and Anthropology. They would then send me CDs with scans of the original photographs.”

    Credit:

    Courtesy of Annu Palakunnathu Matthews/SepiaEYE

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    “The response to my work is usually, ‘Wow, I never thought about it that way,'" says Matthew. "And that’s what I want my photograph to do.”

    Credit:

    Courtesy of Annu Palakunnathu Matthews/SepiaEYE

  • mom&daughter.jpg

    For the self-portraits, Matthew would use a self-timer or get help from someone, and usually take the images in her living room using natural light. The imagery started on film and was digitized later. “I’d bring the image onto the computer and then I cut out my outline and put it on the same background as the original scan of the Native American portraits.”

    Credit:

    Courtesy of Annu Palakunnathu Matthews/SepiaEYE

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    Kaw-Claa with nose ring/Annu with nose ring

    Credit:

    Annu Palakunnathu Matthew

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    Matthew on using Photoshop to manipulate images: “My philosophy is that a lot of people, if they’ve got a bad photograph, can apply a few filters and make it look gimmicky and likable. I think that Photoshop when used a verb, when the image looks ‘Photoshopped,’ doesn’t work as well as when it is used as a tool to communicate visually.”

    Credit:

    Annu Palakunnathu Matthew

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    Whiteman and Indian/Indian and Whiteman

    Credit:

    Courtesy of Annu Palakunnathu Matthews/SepiaEYE

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    Tom Torlino, Navajo, on entry to Carlise School, Carlise, Pennsylvania/Annu Palakunnathu Matthew, Indian, on entry to the United States of America

    Credit:

    Courtesy of Annu Palakunnathu Matthews/SepiaEYE

  • afterLRGRTXT.jpg

    Tom Torlino, Navajo, three years later, Carlise/Annu Palakunnathu Matthew, Indian, nine years later, Providence

    Credit:

    Courtesy of Annu Palakunnathu Matthews/SepiaEYE