Anti-Mursi protesters shout slogans against Egypt's President Mohamed Mursi and the Muslim Brotherhood during a rally at Tahrir Square in Cairo December 29, 2012. Egypt's opposition accused President Mohamed Mursi's Islamist allies of trying to muzzle dissent on Friday after prosecutors decided to investigate whether prominent government critics were guilty of sedition. REUTERS/Amr Abdallah Dalsh (EGYPT - Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST)
It's been a tumultuous year in the Arab world as citizens from Syria to Libya struggle to shake off the binds of authoritarian rule.
We asked The World's Middle East correspondent Matthew Bell to page back through his notes, and look for standout moments in 2012 and suggest what to keep an eye on in the year ahead.