The twin symbols of the European economies catastrophic 2011: an Occupy protester outside the European Central Bank
Credit: Ralph Orlowski

Europe's big two stock exchanges only traded for half a day today - it's still the holidays here. London's FTSE 100 closed at 5572.28, more than three hundred points lower than a year ago, when the last session of 2010 finished at 5899.94. Frankfurt's DAX ended 2011 at 5898.35, down more than a thousand from 2010.

Other trends as the global economy's annus horribilis comes to an end: Dollar is confirmed as the safest haven. Gold is losing value as investors liquidate holdings and pile into the dollar, according to the FT.

Meanwhile, Spain looks like having a very tough 2012. The new conservative government of Mariano Rajoy presented details of its budget for next year today.

The headline is that Spain's deficit is currently 8 percent of GDP (it had previously been estimated to be 6 percent of GDP). Rajoy is pledged to reduce the deficit by almost half - to 4.4 percent - by the end of 2012. There is only one way to do that: cut spending and raise taxes. The government announced 8.9 billion euros in cuts ($11.5 billion) and 6 billion euros ($7.8 billion) in tax increases aimed at Spain's wealthiest citizens. Details of both cuts and tax rises were not announced.

The likely effect on the Spanish economy's biggest problem - an unemployment rate now over 22 percent - cannot be gauged until the details are made public.

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