With no clear source identified in the deadly E.coli outbreak centered on Germany, and with the number of infection cases rising, Russia on Thursday banned the import of all raw vegetables from the European Union.
Russia's chief medical officer said EU-grown fresh vegetables would be seized across the country, a move that Brussels called “disproportionate.”
More than 1,500 people in eight countries have been infected by a new and particularly aggressive strain of E. coli, which can cause deadly hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS), a condition that leads to bloody diarrhea, kidney failure, coma and even death.
Seventeen people have died in the outbreak, 16 of them in Germany and one in Sweden.
There were 365 new cases reported Wednesday, most of them clustered in Hamburg, where the outbreak of Enterohemorrhagic E.coli has been centered. EU officials said there have been three cases in the United States, all involving people who had recently travelled to Hamburg.
The crisis has left Germans “frightened, frustrated or plain bewildered,” GlobalPost’s David Wroe reports from Berlin.
It was first thought that infected cucumbers from Spain were the source of the outbreak, but this theory has now been discounted and German officials have since backtracked and apologized to Madrid. German health officials have admitted they do not know where this strain of E.coli has come from, and it may be months before the outbreak stops.
The World Health Organization said Thursday that the E.coli bacteria responsible for the outbreak is a new strain with "various characteristics that make it more virulent and toxin-producing."
Hilde Kruse, a food safety expert at the WHO, told The Associated Press that "this is a unique strain that has never been isolated from patients before."
The European Union said that it would be lodging a protest against the Russian ban. The total value of EU exports of fresh fruit and vegetables to Russia is estimated at 3 billion to 4 billion euros a year, mainly from Spain, France, Germany and Poland.
Russia banned fresh vegetable imports from Germany and Spain earlier this week, and on Thursday announced the ban would be extended to cover the entire European Union.
"The fresh vegetable import ban affecting all EU countries went into effect this morning," said Gennady Onishchenko, head of Russia’s consumer protection agency.
"I call on people to forgo imported vegetables in favor of domestic products," Onishchenko said, reports Interfax.
Spain has threatened legal action over the crisis, and is seeking compensation for the farmers who have lost sales of 200 million Euros a week, Reuters reports.