Immediately after the end of the Civil War, Congress drafted and pushed to ratify the 14th  and 15th amendments to the Constitution, which were intended to guarantee African-Americans full equality under the law.  But despite these amendments, Jim Crow laws quickly took hold of much of the nation, stripping African-Americans of such basic rights as serving on juries and voting without the penalty of a poll tax.  What went wrong? Legal historian  Lawrence Goldstone  has a theory. As he sees it, the very individuals believed to have been looking out for the Civil Rights of all –  the sitting justices of the Supreme Court — were instrumental in stripping African Americans of equal rights.   Lawrence is the author of a new book called "Inherently Unequal: The Betrayal of Equal Rights by the Supreme Court, 1865-1903." He joins us from Connecticut.