West Africa

Economics

A year after the Italy-Libya migrant deal: Fewer deaths at sea but persistent abuse on land

In February 2017, Italy and Libya signed an agreement to try to slow the arrival of migrants across the Mediterranean from Africa to Europe, with Italy giving logistical and financial support to Libya's coast guard. Since then, migrant sea arrivals in Europe have declined, and so have drownings, but many migrants returned to Libya face abusive detention.

Culture

Don’t take being American for granted

There is a reason why Western Europe’s loud acceptance of equality hasn't yet made a significant difference in much of the world: because of the US. Like civil rights and the women’s suffrage movement, it is only when America declares the debate closed that it will finally be closed in much of the world. If not legally, then at least culturally.