Plantation industries have taken root across much of Southeast Asia's peatland forests, disturbing habitat with the highest carbon content in the world. The release of carbon from Indonesia's vast and deep peatlands has made this developing country the world's third largest greenhouse gas emitter. Some forest experts say slowing this release could be one avenue for quick action on global warming. But how and whom to pay to stop Indonesia's carbon hemorrhaging in places like Riau province remains unclear.
In the eastern Indonesian province of Kalimantan or Borneo, healthy forest remains. The Nature Conservancy is trying to persuade timber operators and officials there to make one district a model to demonstrate coordinated, reduced emissions from deforestation.