MARCO WERMAN: Iceland has been one of the countries hardest hit by the economic crisis. One thing it still has going for it, though, is its draw for American artists, writers and musicians. Alissa Quart is one of them. She's a New York based writer. She recently took a trip to Iceland.
Even after she got home, Iceland lingered with her.
ALISSA QUART: I went to Iceland three months ago because I knew it was a country of paradoxes. For starters, there are only 300,000 Icelanders, yet most of them are really literate. Much of the small island is covered in ice, yet their homes are heated by scalding water that literally runs under the ground. I bought into brand Iceland. I visited the art spots, Reykjavik, Stykkiholmur, and Budir. I swam in a hot river and slept in a hotel where the walls were painted lichen-green. When I came back to New York, I was still seeing traces of Iceland everywhere. There was even a new Iceland-themed exhibit by the American artist Roni Horn. It's going on at the Whitney Museum right now.
OLOF ARNALDS: [singing]
QUART: Icelandic singer Olof Arnalds played at the opening. Horn's show starts right in the elevator, with aquatic sound art.
RONI HORN: -- murmurs, water hushes, water rushes, water gushes, water burbles, water babbles--
QUART: The show is full of pictures of Iceland: geothermal water, taxidermic birds, faces floating on the surface of hot springs. She's drawn to the isolation, the communal atmosphere, and above all, the landscape. Donna De Salvo curated Horn's show. She sees the draw of Iceland like this:
DONNA DE SALVO: You know the extremes, where you have volcanic activity marching right down to the sea, and this collapse in a sense for us at least, when you live in an urban environment like New York, to see this extreme range of terrain is just magical in many ways.
QUART: Iceland has long attracted other American artists. Call it Artland. Yoko Ono, Richard Serra, and the poet Anne Carson all came here looking for a muse. Same with Eileen Myles. She wrote about it in her new book, "The Importance of Being Iceland."
EILEEN MYLES: I think Iceland is really interesting because it just happened to be to the side in a way so certain things could continue to exist and certain people could have a sort of self-effacing way of looking at their own culture.
QUART: I love that Icelandic self-effacement. There's that appeal of their music and literature. It's all about stubborn iconoclasm. An experimental writer like Myles could seem odd in the world of American letters, but in Iceland, odd is perfectly normal.
MYLES: Icelandic artists are really proud of how many odd, strange people who've lived in strange ways were part of their history. It's just like you wouldn't-- American artists wouldn't go for kind of a folkish approach to who we are and really claim lineage to these oddballs. There's a kind of a funky pride.
QUART: While Iceland was a dreamscape for artists, it also floated by on a wildly inflated economy of credit. Iceland's fishing culture migrated into banking and boutique hotels. Then it all crashed. Now crushed by debt, their currency devalued; do the newly poor Icelanders still see themselves in the portraits American artists make of them? Philosopher Oddny Eir Evarsdottir says in a way they do. Icelanders depend on American artists' view of their country, just like American artists depend on Iceland.
ODDNY EIR EVARSDOTTIR: We are living inside it, like inside the crisis situation. We are really hoping that inside Iceland's economy we are heading toward this metaphor of an Iceland as a health and beautiful place where you can go away, like an asylum and I really hope we will go there. So it's like, at this moment, the guest's eye, the metaphors of others, it's so helpful.
QUART: These metaphors may not help much in the end. But Iceland will still have its amazing, strange indie music to keep Artland alive. All those heated, water-logged dreams. For The World, this is Alissa Quart.
OLOF ARNALDS: [singing "Klara."]
Olof Arnalds' song "Klaraï¿½ ends our show today. We're online at The World dot org. From the Nan and Bill Harris Studios at WGBH, I'm Marco Werman. Travel safely wherever you're headed and enjoy the long weekend.