Children make up a big part of the population in places like Syria and Gaza, where hundreds have been killed in the fighting so far. For many of them, they have barely known a life without death or conflict.
Israeli military officers have said they're surprised by how well Hamas is fighting against Israeli soldiers. That's because of a years-long effort by Hamas to boost their defenses and train their fighters for new kinds of battles.
The Israel Defense Forces are unmatched in the Middle East. But seven more of its soldiers died in fighting on Monday, bringing the total to 25 Israelis killed since ground operations began last Thursday. That's because Hamas is better on the battlefield than before.
Fighting in the the Gaza City neighborhood of Shejaiya has reduced many areas to rubble. The BBC's Lyse Doucet tells PRI's The World that residents can't find shelter, despite Israeli assurances to the contrary.
Rocket launches are down and tunnels are being destroyed in the Gaza Strip, which are signs of progress for the Israeli military. But Gazans say the ground offensive is creating more deaths and "ghost town scenes" across the tiny territory, with no sign of a possible ceasefire.
In Gaza, the fighting and the civilian population are so tightly packed together that watermelon fields also serve as launching areas for rockets into Israel. And as bombs continue to fall, the streets have turned empty.
Dozens of Palestinians with US passports or legal residency in the US have managed to get out of the Gaza Strip since the most recent violence began, but there are dozens more still there. And it's not clear if or when they will be able to leave.
Just as in past rounds of violence between Israel and Hamas, it is Palestinian civilians who are paying the highest price. After four days of Israeli bombardment, more than 100 Palestinians are now dead — and many of them are non-combatants.
Palestinians from not only Syria but from Lebanon and the West Bank clashed with Israeli soldiers yesterday on the anniversary of the creation of Israel. The Palestinians call it Nakbah Day. Nakbah is Arabic for catastrophe. Daniel Estrin reports.
Palestinians have declared Sunday's protests on Israel's borders a historic moment in the Middle East conflict. Host Marco Werman speaks with Khaled Elgindy, a former adviser to the PLO and visiting fellow at the Brookings Institution.
Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu says Israel would be generous with the size of a Palestinian state but that the border could not rest at pre-1967 lines. The World's Matthew Bell visits the West Bank to see how the Jewish residents there view the debate.
Palestinians are expected to ask for recognition of statehood from the United Nations in September. But as The World's Matthew Bell reports, activists are divided on whether that would actually lead to the statehood Palestinians so desperately desire.
The World's Matthew Bell reports on what Egypt's opening of the Rafah border crossing into the Gaza Strip means for Palestinians living there. For one thing, elderly Palestinians can visit families they haven't seen in years.