Global Politics

Politicians, populace, poke fun at, praise EU Nobel Peace Prize

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European Parliament in Brussels. (Photo by Flickr user motiqua)

The Nobel Prize Committee in Oslo, Norway, on Friday announced that the European Union — yep, all of it — has won this year's peace prize.

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In giving the award, the committee cited the EU’s role in helping, after a history of war on the continent, ensure six decades of peace among its members. But given the dire state of the European Union’s economic affairs, some were left wondering about the timing of the award.

Of course, it's not like they were given the Nobel Prize in Economics.

Luckily, a highly-regarded European statesman was on hand to wipe the smirk off my face this morning.

“The European Union is the strongest, the most significant instrument for peace and prosperity in our part of the world in our time. And it is highly, highly relevant to give it the prize,” Carl Bildt, Sweden’s foreign minister, told the BBC.

That sentiment wasn’t just echoed, but amplified, by many of the EU’s leading politicians on Friday.

Portugal’s Jose Manuel Barroso, the president of the European Commission, heaped praise on the organization.

“It is justified recognition of a unique project that works for the benefit of its citizens and also for the benefit of the world,” he said.

U.S. Secretary of State Hilary Clinton sent her congratulations, praising the work of Europe’s leaders. Those leaders were quick to celebrate the award as well.

“Six decades of peace in Europe is a long time for those of us who live in the EU. Yet in history, it’s a blink of the eye," said German Chancellor Angela Merkel. “And that is why we must never forget that in order to keep this peace we have to work hard over and over.”

Of course, Merkel is having to work pretty hard these days to convince her own people that the EU is worth the financial pain. And last week, on a visit to troubled Greece, she was greeted by protests — and worse.

“You only have to look at what happened last week when Angela Merkel turned up in Athens to be greeted with Molotov cocktails, violence and people dressed up in Nazi uniforms,” said Nigel Farage, the leaders of the UK Independence Party.

An unapologetic euro-skeptic, Farage pounced on Friday’s Peace Prize announcement.

“This attempt to merge all these different countries in Europe, far from giving us peace and harmony, is beginning to divide Europe, north to south, and to make people strongly dislike each other,” he told the BBC. “Frankly, to be given this award at this moment in time will be greeted with derision.”

And it wasn’t just small parties in euro-ambivalent Britain that seemed puzzled by Friday’s announcement. Prime Minister David Cameron side-stepped all talk of the prize, and kept silent.

Others in Europe wondered why not give the prize to someone fighting for human rights in Russia? Or how about opting for a figure from the Arab Spring?

Kristian Harpkiven, director of the Oslo-based Peace Research Institute, which isn't involved with the Nobel organization, says this year’s award is different.

Recently, the prize committee has made a point of saying it wants to look to the future.

“Whereas today it actually reverted to a fundamentally historical justification for awarding the prize,” he noted. 

The award was made for past accomplishments — not future hopes. Harpkiven says there are domestic politics at play here as well.

“It’s certainly a controversial prize, in the Norwegian context, a domestic context, because the whole issue of Norway’s membership of the EU has been so controversial," Harpkiven said. "Norway, as some will know, is not a member of the EU, and turned down the opportunity back in 1994 in a popular vote.”

Europe is still just a bunch of tribes who fundamentally don’t trust each other, which is why, he quickly added, the EU is so important.

It remains to be seen, though, who will actually collect the prize.

And then there’s the matter of the $1.2 million in prize money. On Twitter Friday, someone suggested simply handing it over to Greece — not that it would make much difference.

Split evenly, the prize would equal about 15 percent of one eurocent for each EU citizen.

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