On August 15th 1945, Japan surrendered, finally ending WWII.
Japan's empire was dismantled.
But Japan did not give up its claim to a group of uninhabited islands in the east China sea.
And on August 15th 2012 those islands became the epicenter of a fierce diplomatic spat between China and Japan.
Fourteen pro-China activists were arrested by Japan after some of them landed on the islands and planted the Chinese flag.
China is demanding their release.
The islands are thought to be rich in potential oil and gas reserves.
Anchor Marco Werman gets more from the World's Beijing correspondent, Mary Kay Magistad.