Conflict & Justice

Children Surviving in War Torn Afghanistan

This story is a part of a series

Afghanistan Ten Years On

This story is a part of a series

Afghanistan Ten Years On

Fawad-Mohammadi.jpg

Fawad Mohammadi selling his maps in Kabul (Photo: Laural Lynch)

A soon to be released film sets the mood for the grim and gritty life that faces millions of children in Afghanistan. Called “Buzkashi Boys,” it tells the tale of two young friends in Kabul.

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Both are poor, both are dreaming of a better life.

In the opening scene, Ahmad, an orphan who lives on the street, greets his friend Rafi who lives with his father in the slums. Ahmad survives by stealing and by heading out into traffic, to try to persuade drivers to give him money.

His face streaked with dirt, his clothes ragged, Ahmad is aggressive as he offers what he says is incense meant to protect people from evil spirits. He urges the drivers to give him money. Most simply ignore him and move on.

This may be a movie – make believe – but sadly, it’s a reality for so many children who live here.

Chicken Street in Kabul is a destination for the few foreigners who are willing to take the risk of shopping downtown, knowing both it and they are potential targets for attacks.

The road is lined with stores selling carpets, antique swords and guns from the 1800′s.
It also has its own army of street kids.

Twelve year old Fawad Mohammadi is one of them. He is a young man selling old maps with a great big smile.

Just listen to him charm a would be customer.

Fawad has been selling maps and gum on the streets of Kabul since he was five years old. Like tens of thousands of other children in Kabul, he was sent out to help support his family after his father died.

He has a friendly, open face and sparkling blue-green eyes, but the smile disappears and his eyes cloud over when he talks about the skills he has had to develop to survive.

“When I’m working on the street, I always look at what’s going on around me,” Mohammadi said. “I try to stay away from places that might be targets for bombers. And if I see someone who looks suspicious, I try to keep away from them.”

No child should have to learn such harsh lessons.

According to UNICEF, more than 30 percent of children of elementary-school age are working on the streets in Afghanistan and are often their family’s sole breadwinners.

Muhammed Yousef has been trying to help vulnerable children for more than a decade as the founder of the children’s charity Aschiana.

He says since allied forces defeated the Taliban, the situation for children has improved. More than 7 million of them now go to school.

“But even now there are 4.5 million children who don’t have access to education and in their area there is no peace, no security,” Yousef said. “The children have a problem.”

The problem goes beyond working on the street. A recent study of Afghan children’s mental health by Durham University in England – the first large scale survey of its kind – found one in five children suffers from psychiatric disorders, including anxiety, depression, and post traumatic stress disorder.

Some children are forced into near slavery, early marriage or they become involved in the drug trade. In that sense, Fawad feels fortunate, but that does not mean he likes working the streets.

“I deal with a lot of different people, when I try to sell them a map,” Mohammadi said. “Sometimes they push and insult me and when they insult me, I really feel ashamed.”

Muhammed Yousef thought the lives of children would change more dramatically when foreign forces entered the country a decade ago.

“All of the people had hope, because a majority of people thought the war had ended and we would have a peaceful country. We would have access to education and our children would be protected. The children would not have to work in the street anymore, there would not be kidnapping, the government would be very strong abd we would be living in peace,” Yousef said.

That has not happened.

Fawad’s story though, has taken a relatively happy turn. Relative by Afghan standards. Just over a year ago, Fawad was plucked off Chicken Street by an American filmmaker and cast in “Buzkashi Boys.” Since then, Fawad has also acted in a commercial.

It is not enough work to keep him off the street, but another foreign national has decided to pay for his education. So while he still has to go to Chicken Street to sell his maps every Friday, he spends the rest of the week in school and he says he loves it.

Seemingly wise beyond his years, Fawad simply accepts his fate as a child growing up in Afghanistan.

“This life is a test, God is testing us and we have to try to do our best to succeed,” Mohammadi said.

For three decades now, generations of children in Afghanistan have been raised in a land of violence and war and that hasn’t ended with the end of Taliban rule.

Some have been scarred, physically and psychologically, for life. Many will never carry memories of a carefree childhood into their adult years.

For them, being a child here means just trying to survive.