Syria's economy crippled by unrest, sanctions

This story is a part of

Human Needs

This story is a part of

Human Needs

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The Citadel of Aleppo is a popular destination for tourists in Syria. Politicial and social unrest has hurt tourism in the country.

Story from PRI's The World. Listen to audio for full interview.

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Tourists often flock to Syria's mountain resort town called Mashta Helou, where Nabil Salha lives. The town boasts the best of both worlds: the cool air of the mountains and Mediterranean beaches just a short drive away. Salha, whose name has been changed for security reasons, usually works as a guide for the flocks of tourists who come to escape the summer heat.

But not this year.

"There's no tourism," Salha said. "Because for a tourist to reach the resort he needs to drive down a high way with loads of police and army stationed on it. It's not safe."

The police and army are there to clamp down on anti-government protests that have sprung up around Syria.

It's been more than five months since demonstrators began calling for the resignation of President Bashar Al Assad and his authoritarian regime. Assad has responded to those calls with a security crackdown that the United Nations estimates has killed 2200 civilians. The United States and European countries have slapped sanctions on Syria. And they're looking to impose more. It's putting the hurt on an economy already reeling from instability and uncertainty.

Nabil Salha said there haven't been any protests, or security forces looking to crush them, in his town, which is mainly Christian. But in nearby villages and towns, there have been clashes. But it's the economic situation, not the clashes, that caused him to leave three months ago to stay with his mother in neighboring Lebanon.

"We are living without work in Syria," Salha said. "My father is getting his pension, but it's not much. I'm losing around $1,000 a month, and it's been three months since I've worked. Now I'm borrowing money from people and going into debt."

Other Syrians in the tourism industry are suffering as well. Reports suggest hotels in the tourist hubs of Damascus and Aleppo are empty. Tourism makes up about 12 percent of Syria's $52 billion economy, and the uprising -- and the government's refusal to make any meaningful reform -- is taking a toll, according to Hilal Khashan, an analyst at the American University of Beirut.

"There's no tourism, no transit. There's a flight of capital from Syria. The economy is not in full gear," Khashan said.

Gulf Arab and foreign companies have delayed or cancelled huge projects in Syria. The stock market there has dropped 41 percent. The gross domestic product, projected earlier this year to grow at three percent, may shrink five percent. Khashan said the greatest threat now facing the Assad regime is not the protests; it's Syria's collapsing economy.

"Those middle-class people who have secure jobs and send their kids to school and can afford to go to supermarkets and live fairly decent by Syrian standards will begin to realize the Assad regime has become a liability," he said.

Many of those middle-class people live in Aleppo and Damascus, cities that have yet to see significant protests. Khashan notes that people in those cities have benefited from Assad's economic liberalization, and found stability with the regime, but "if the elements of good life they are enjoying seem to be endangered, then may change their minds."

One example came this week -- Syrians found that their VISA credit cards stopped working, due to US and European sanctions on Syrian banks.

Read the rest of this story on The World website.

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